数据库MySQL经典面试题之SQL语句

1.需要数据库表1.学生表

Student(SID,Sname,Sage,Ssex) --SID 学生编号,Sname 学生姓名,Sage 出生年月,Ssex 学生性别

2.课程表
Course(CID,Cname,TID) --CID --课程编号,Cname 课程名称,TID 教师编号
3.教师表
Teacher(TID,Tname) --TID 教师编号,Tname 教师姓名
4.成绩表
SC(SID,CID,score) --SID 学生编号,CID 课程编号,score 分数

添加测试数据1.学生表
create table Student(SID varchar(10),Sname nvarchar(10),Sage datetime,Ssex nvarchar(10));
insert into Student values('01' , '赵雷' , '1990-01-01' , '男');
insert into Student values('02' , '钱电' , '1990-12-21' , '男');
insert into Student values('03' , '孙风' , '1990-05-20' , '男');
insert into Student values('04' , '李云' , '1990-08-06' , '男');
insert into Student values('05' , '周梅' , '1991-12-01' , '女');
insert into Student values('06' , '吴兰' , '1992-03-01' , '女');
insert into Student values('07' , '郑竹' , '1989-07-01' , '女');
insert into Student values('08' , '王菊' , '1990-01-20' , '女');

2.课程表
create table Course(CID varchar(10),Cname nvarchar(10),TID varchar(10));
insert into Course values('01' , '语文' , '02');
insert into Course values('02' , '数学' , '01');
insert into Course values('03' , '英语' , '03');

3.教师表
create table Teacher(TID varchar(10),Tname nvarchar(10));
insert into Teacher values('01' , '张三');
insert into Teacher values('02' , '李四');
insert into Teacher values('03' , '王五');

4.成绩表
create table SC(SID varchar(10),CID varchar(10),score decimal(18,1));
insert into SC values('01' , '01' , 80);
insert into SC values('01' , '02' , 90);
insert into SC values('01' , '03' , 99);
insert into SC values('02' , '01' , 70);
insert into SC values('02' , '02' , 60);
insert into SC values('02' , '03' , 80);
insert into SC values('03' , '01' , 80);
insert into SC values('03' , '02' , 80);
insert into SC values('03' , '03' , 80);
insert into SC values('04' , '01' , 50);
insert into SC values('04' , '02' , 30);
insert into SC values('04' , '03' , 20);
insert into SC values('05' , '01' , 76);
insert into SC values('05' , '02' , 87);
insert into SC values('06' , '01' , 31);
insert into SC values('06' , '03' , 34);
insert into SC values('07' , '02' , 89);
insert into SC values('07' , '03' , 98);

--1、查询"01"课程比"02"课程成绩高的学生的信息及课程分数

--1.1、查询同时存在"01"课程和"02"课程的情况
select a.* , b.score 课程01的分数,c.score 课程02的分数 from Student a , SC b , SC c
where a.SID = b.SID and a.SID = c.SID and b.CID = '01' and c.CID = '02' and b.score > c.score

--1.2、查询同时存在"01"课程和"02"课程的情况和存在"01"课程但可能不存在"02"课程的情况(不存在时显示为null)(以下存在相同内容时不再解释)
select a.* , b.score 课程01的分数,c.score 课程02的分数 from Student a
left join SC b on a.SID = b.SID and b.CID = '01'
left join SC c on a.SID = c.SID and c.CID = '02'
where b.score > isnull(c.score)

--2、查询"01"课程比"02"课程成绩低的学生的信息及课程分数

--2.1、查询同时存在"01"课程和"02"课程的情况
select a.* , b.score 课程01的分数 ,c.score 课程02的分数 from Student a , SC b , SC c
where a.SID = b.SID and a.SID = c.SID and b.CID = '01' and c.CID = '02' and b.score < c.score

--2.2、查询同时存在"01"课程和"02"课程的情况和不存在"01"课程但存在"02"课程的情况
select a.* , b.score 课程01的分数 ,c.score 课程02的分数 from Student a
left join SC b on a.SID = b.SID and b.CID = '01'
left join SC c on a.SID = c.SID and c.CID = '02'
where isnull(b.score,0) < c.score

--3、查询平均成绩大于等于60分的同学的学生编号和学生姓名和平均成绩
select a.SID , a.Sname , cast(avg(b.score) as decimal(18,2)) avg_score
from Student a , sc b
where a.SID = b.SID
group by a.SID , a.Sname
having cast(avg(b.score) as decimal(18,2)) >= 60
order by a.SID

--4、查询平均成绩小于60分的同学的学生编号和学生姓名和平均成绩

--4.1、查询在sc表存在成绩的学生信息的SQL语句。
select a.SID , a.Sname , cast(avg(b.score) as decimal(18,2)) avg_score
from Student a , sc b
where a.SID = b.SID
group by a.SID , a.Sname
having cast(avg(b.score) as decimal(18,2)) < 60
order by a.SID

--4.2、查询在sc表中不存在成绩的学生信息的SQL语句。
select a.SID , a.Sname , isnull(cast(avg(b.score) as decimal(18,2)),0) avg_score
from Student a left join sc b
on a.SID = b.SID
group by a.SID , a.Sname
having isnull(cast(avg(b.score) as decimal(18,2)),0) < 60
order by a.SID

--5、查询所有同学的学生编号、学生姓名、选课总数、所有课程的总成绩

--5.1、查询所有有成绩的SQL。
select a.SID 学生编号 , a.Sname 学生姓名 , count(b.CID) 选课总数, sum(score) 所有课程的总成绩
from Student a , SC b
where a.SID = b.SID
group by a.SID,a.Sname
order by a.SID

--5.2、查询所有(包括有成绩和无成绩)的SQL。
select a.SID 学生编号 , a.Sname 学生姓名 , count(b.CID) 选课总数, sum(score) 所有课程的总成绩
from Student a left join SC b
on a.SID = b.SID
group by a.SID,a.Sname
order by a.SID

--6、查询"李"姓老师的数量
--方法1
select count(Tname) 李姓老师的数量 from Teacher where Tname like '李%'
--方法2
select count(Tname) 李姓老师的数量 from Teacher where left(Tname,1) = '李'

--7、查询学过"张三"老师授课的同学的信息
select distinct Student.* from Student , SC , Course , Teacher
where Student.SID = SC.SID and SC.CID = Course.CID and Course.TID = Teacher.TID and Teacher.Tname = '张三'
order by Student.SID

--8、查询没学过"张三"老师授课的同学的信息
select m.* from Student m where SID not in (select distinct SC.SID from SC , Course , Teacher where SC.CID = Course.CID and Course.TID = Teacher.TID and Teacher.Tname = '张三') order by m.SID

--9、查询学过编号为"01"并且也学过编号为"02"的课程的同学的信息
--方法1
select Student.* from Student , SC where Student.SID = SC.SID and SC.CID = '01' and exists (Select 1 from SC SC_2 where SC_2.SID = SC.SID and SC_2.CID = '02') order by Student.SID
--方法2
select Student.* from Student , SC where Student.SID = SC.SID and SC.CID = '02' and exists (Select 1 from SC SC_2 where SC_2.SID = SC.SID and SC_2.CID = '01') order by Student.SID
--方法3
select m.* from Student m where SID in
(
select SID from
(
select distinct SID from SC where CID = '01'

union all

select distinct SID from SC where CID = '02'

) t group by SID having count(1) = 2

)

order by m.SID

--10、查询学过编号为"01"但是没有学过编号为"02"的课程的同学的信息

--方法1

select Student.* from Student , SC where Student.SID = SC.SID and SC.CID = '01' and not exists (Select 1 from SC SC_2 where SC_2.SID = SC.SID and SC_2.CID = '02') order by Student.SID

--方法2
select Student.* from Student , SC where Student.SID = SC.SID and SC.CID = '01' and Student.SID not in (Select SC_2.SID from SC SC_2 where SC_2.SID = SC.SID and SC_2.CID = '02') order by Student.SID

--11、查询没有学全所有课程的同学的信息
--11.1、
select Student.*
from Student , SC
where Student.SID = SC.SID
group by Student.SID , Student.Sname , Student.Sage , Student.Ssex having count(CID) < (select count(CID) from Course)

--11.2
select Student.*
from Student left join SC
on Student.SID = SC.SID
group by Student.SID , Student.Sname , Student.Sage , Student.Ssex having count(CID) < (select count(CID) from Course)

--12、查询至少有一门课与学号为"01"的同学所学相同的同学的信息
select distinct Student.* from Student , SC where Student.SID = SC.SID and SC.CID in (select CID from SC where SID = '01') and Student.SID <> '01'

--13、查询和"01"号的同学学习的课程完全相同的其他同学的信息
select Student.* from Student where SID in
(select distinct SC.SID from SC where SID <> '01' and SC.CID in (select distinct CID from SC where SID = '01')
group by SC.SID having count(1) = (select count(1) from SC where SID='01'))

--14、查询没学过"张三"老师讲授的任一门课程的学生姓名
select student.* from student where student.SID not in
(select distinct sc.SID from sc , course , teacher where sc.CID = course.CID and course.TID = teacher.TID and teacher.tname = '张三')
order by student.SID

--15、查询两门及其以上不及格课程的同学的学号,姓名及其平均成绩
select student.SID , student.sname , cast(avg(score) as decimal(18,2)) avg_score from student , sc
where student.SID = SC.SID and student.SID in (select SID from SC where score < 60 group by SID having count(1) >= 2)
group by student.SID , student.sname

--16、检索"01"课程分数小于60,按分数降序排列的学生信息
select student.* , sc.CID , sc.score from student , sc
where student.SID = SC.SID and sc.score < 60 and sc.CID = '01'
order by sc.score desc

--17、按平均成绩从高到低显示所有学生的所有课程的成绩以及平均成绩--17.1 SQL 2000 静态
select a.SID 学生编号 , a.Sname 学生姓名 ,
max(case c.Cname when '语文' then b.score else null end) 语文 ,
max(case c.Cname when '数学' then b.score else null end) 数学 ,
max(case c.Cname when '英语' then b.score else null end) 英语 ,
cast(avg(b.score) as decimal(18,2)) 平均分
from Student a
left join SC b on a.SID = b.SID
left join Course c on b.CID = c.CID
group by a.SID , a.Sname
order by 平均分 desc

--17.2 SQL 2000 动态
declare @sql nvarchar(4000)
set @sql = 'select a.SID ' + '学生编号' + ' , a.Sname ' + '学生姓名'
select @sql = @sql + ',max(case c.Cname when '''+Cname+''' then b.score else null end) '+Cname+' '
from (select distinct Cname from Course) as t
set @sql = @sql + ' , cast(avg(b.score) as decimal(18,2)) ' + '平均分' + ' from Student a left join SC b on a.SID = b.SID left join Course c on b.CID = c.CID
group by a.SID , a.Sname order by ' + '平均分' + ' desc'
exec(@sql)

--18、查询各科成绩最高分、最低分和平均分:以如下形式显示:课程ID,课程name,最高分,最低分,平均分,及格率,中等率,优良率,优秀率
--及格为>=60,中等为:70-80,优良为:80-90,优秀为:>=90

--方法1
select m.CID 课程编号 , m.Cname 课程名称 ,
max(n.score) 最高分 ,
min(n.score) 最低分 ,
cast(avg(n.score) as decimal(18,2)) 平均分 ,
cast((select count(1) from SC where CID = m.CID and score >= 60)100.0 / (select count(1) from SC where CID = m.CID) as decimal(18,2)) 及格率 ,
cast((select count(1) from SC where CID = m.CID and score >= 70 and score < 80 )
100.0 / (select count(1) from SC where CID = m.CID) as decimal(18,2)) 中等率 ,
cast((select count(1) from SC where CID = m.CID and score >= 80 and score < 90 )100.0 / (select count(1) from SC where CID = m.CID) as decimal(18,2)) 优良率 ,
cast((select count(1) from SC where CID = m.CID and score >= 90)
100.0 / (select count(1) from SC where CID = m.CID) as decimal(18,2)) 优秀率
from Course m , SC n
where m.CID = n.CID
group by m.CID , m.Cname
order by m.CID

--方法2
select m.CID 课程编号 , m.Cname 课程名称 ,
(select max(score) from SC where CID = m.CID) 最高分 ,
(select min(score) from SC where CID = m.CID) 最低分 ,
(select cast(avg(score) as decimal(18,2)) from SC where CID = m.CID) 平均分 ,
cast((select count(1) from SC where CID = m.CID and score >= 60)100.0 / (select count(1) from SC where CID = m.CID) as decimal(18,2)) 及格率,
cast((select count(1) from SC where CID = m.CID and score >= 70 and score < 80 )
100.0 / (select count(1) from SC where CID = m.CID) as decimal(18,2)) 中等率 ,
cast((select count(1) from SC where CID = m.CID and score >= 80 and score < 90 )100.0 / (select count(1) from SC where CID = m.CID) as decimal(18,2)) 优良率 ,
cast((select count(1) from SC where CID = m.CID and score >= 90)
100.0 / (select count(1) from SC where CID = m.CID) as decimal(18,2)) 优秀率
from Course m
order by m.CID

--19、按各科成绩进行排序,并显示排名--19.1 sql 2000用子查询完成

--Score重复时保留名次空缺
select t.* , px = (select count(1) from SC where CID = t.CID and score > t.score) + 1 from sc t order by t.cid , px

--Score重复时合并名次
select t.* , px = (select count(distinct score) from SC where CID = t.CID and score >= t.score) from sc t order by t.cid , px

--19.2 sql 2005用rank,DENSE_RANK完成

--Score重复时保留名次空缺(rank完成)
select t.* , px = rank() over(partition by cid order by score desc) from sc t order by t.CID , px

--Score重复时合并名次(DENSE_RANK完成)
select t.* , px = DENSE_RANK() over(partition by cid order by score desc) from sc t order by t.CID , px

--20、查询学生的总成绩并进行排名--20.1 查询学生的总成绩
select m.SID 学生编号 ,
m.Sname 学生姓名 ,
isnull(sum(score),0) 总成绩
from Student m left join SC n on m.SID = n.SID
group by m.SID , m.Sname
order by 总成绩 desc

--20.2 查询学生的总成绩并进行排名,sql 2000用子查询完成,分总分重复时保留名次空缺和不保留名次空缺两种。
select t1.* , px = (select count(1) from
(
select m.SID 学生编号 ,
m.Sname 学生姓名 ,
isnull(sum(score),0) 总成绩
from Student m left join SC n on m.SID = n.SID
group by m.SID , m.Sname
) t2 where 总成绩 > t1.总成绩) + 1 from
(
select m.SID 学生编号 ,
m.Sname 学生姓名 ,
isnull(sum(score),0) 总成绩
from Student m left join SC n on m.SID = n.SID
group by m.SID , m.Sname
) t1
order by px
select t1.* , px = (select count(distinct 总成绩) from
(
select m.SID 学生编号 ,
m.Sname 学生姓名 ,
isnull(sum(score),0) 总成绩
from Student m left join SC n on m.SID = n.SID
group by m.SID , m.Sname
) t2 where 总成绩 >= t1.总成绩) from
(
select m.SID 学生编号 ,
m.Sname 学生姓名 ,
isnull(sum(score),0) 总成绩
from Student m left join SC n on m.SID = n.SID
group by m.SID , m.Sname
) t1
order by px

--20.3 查询学生的总成绩并进行排名,sql 2005用rank,DENSE_RANK完成,分总分重复时保留名次空缺和不保留名次空缺两种。
select t.* , px = rank() over(order by 总成绩 desc) from
(
select m.SID 学生编号 ,
m.Sname 学生姓名 ,
isnull(sum(score),0) 总成绩
from Student m left join SC n on m.SID = n.SID
group by m.SID , m.Sname
) t
order by px
select t.* , px = DENSE_RANK() over(order by 总成绩 desc) from
(
select m.SID 学生编号 ,
m.Sname 学生姓名 ,
isnull(sum(score),0) 总成绩
from Student m left join SC n on m.SID = n.SID
group by m.SID , m.Sname
) t
order by px

--21、查询不同老师所教不同课程平均分从高到低显示
select m.TID , m.Tname , cast(avg(o.score) as decimal(18,2)) avg_score
from Teacher m , Course n , SC o
where m.TID = n.TID and n.CID = o.CID
group by m.TID , m.Tname
order by avg_score desc

--22、查询所有课程的成绩第2名到第3名的学生信息及该课程成绩--22.1 sql 2000用子查询完成
--Score重复时保留名次空缺
select * from (select t.* , px = (select count(1) from SC where CID = t.CID and score > t.score) + 1 from sc t) m where px between 2 and 3 order by m.cid , m.px

--Score重复时合并名次
select * from (select t.* , px = (select count(distinct score) from SC where CID = t.CID and score >= t.score) from sc t) m where px between 2 and 3 order by m.cid , m.px

--22.2 sql 2005用rank,DENSE_RANK完成

--Score重复时保留名次空缺(rank完成)
select * from (select t.* , px = rank() over(partition by cid order by score desc) from sc t) m where px between 2 and 3 order by m.CID , m.px

--Score重复时合并名次(DENSE_RANK完成)
select * from (select t.* , px = DENSE_RANK() over(partition by cid order by score desc) from sc t) m where px between 2 and 3 order by m.CID , m.px

--23、统计各科成绩各分数段人数:课程编号,课程名称, 100-85 , 85-70 , 70-60 , 0-60 及所占百分比 --23.1 统计各科成绩各分数段人数:课程编号,课程名称, 100-85 , 85-70 , 70-60 , 0-60

--横向显示
select Course.CID 课程编号 , Cname as 课程名称 ,
sum(case when score >= 85 then 1 else 0 end) 85-100 ,
sum(case when score >= 70 and score < 85 then 1 else 0 end) 70-85 ,
sum(case when score >= 60 and score < 70 then 1 else 0 end) 60-70 ,
sum(case when score < 60 then 1 else 0 end) 0-60
from sc , Course
where SC.CID = Course.CID
group by Course.CID , Course.Cname
order by Course.CID

--纵向显示1(显示存在的分数段)
select m.CID 课程编号 , m.Cname 课程名称 , 分数段 = (
case when n.score >= 85 then '85-100'
when n.score >= 70 and n.score < 85 then '70-85'
when n.score >= 60 and n.score < 70 then '60-70'
else '0-60'
end) ,
count(1) 数量
from Course m , sc n
where m.CID = n.CID
group by m.CID , m.Cname , (
case when n.score >= 85 then '85-100'
when n.score >= 70 and n.score < 85 then '70-85'
when n.score >= 60 and n.score < 70 then '60-70'
else '0-60'
end)
order by m.CID , m.Cname , 分数段

--纵向显示2(显示存在的分数段,不存在的分数段用0显示)

select m.CID 课程编号 , m.Cname 课程名称 , 分数段 = (

case when n.score >= 85 then '85-100'

when n.score >= 70 and n.score < 85 then '70-85'

when n.score >= 60 and n.score < 70 then '60-70'

else '0-60'

end) ,

count(1) 数量

from Course m , sc n

where m.CID = n.CID

group by all m.CID , m.Cname , (

case when n.score >= 85 then '85-100'

when n.score >= 70 and n.score < 85 then '70-85'

when n.score >= 60 and n.score < 70 then '60-70'

else '0-60'

end)

order by m.CID , m.Cname , 分数段

--23.2 统计各科成绩各分数段人数:课程编号,课程名称, 100-85 , 85-70 , 70-60 , <60 及所占百分比

--横向显示

select m.CID 课程编号, m.Cname 课程名称,

(select count(1) from SC where CID = m.CID and score < 60) 0-60 ,

cast((select count(1) from SC where CID = m.CID and score < 60)*100.0 / (select count(1) from SC where CID = m.CID) as decimal(18,2)) 百分比 ,

(select count(1) from SC where CID = m.CID and score >= 60 and score < 70) 60-70 ,

cast((select count(1) from SC where CID = m.CID and score >= 60 and score < 70)*100.0 / (select count(1) from SC where CID = m.CID) as decimal(18,2)) 百分比 ,

(select count(1) from SC where CID = m.CID and score >= 70 and score < 85) 70-85 ,

cast((select count(1) from SC where CID = m.CID and score >= 70 and score < 85)*100.0 / (select count(1) from SC where CID = m.CID) as decimal(18,2)) 百分比 ,

(select count(1) from SC where CID = m.CID and score >= 85) 85-100 ,

cast((select count(1) from SC where CID = m.CID and score >= 85)*100.0 / (select count(1) from SC where CID = m.CID) as decimal(18,2)) 百分比

from Course m

order by m.CID

--纵向显示1(显示存在的分数段)

select m.CID 课程编号 , m.Cname 课程名称 , 分数段 = (

case when n.score >= 85 then '85-100'

when n.score >= 70 and n.score < 85 then '70-85'

when n.score >= 60 and n.score < 70 then '60-70'

else '0-60'

end) ,

count(1) 数量 ,

cast(count(1) * 100.0 / (select count(1) from sc where CID = m.CID) as decimal(18,2)) 百分比

from Course m , sc n

where m.CID = n.CID

group by m.CID , m.Cname , (

case when n.score >= 85 then '85-100'

when n.score >= 70 and n.score < 85 then '70-85'

when n.score >= 60 and n.score < 70 then '60-70'

else '0-60'

end)

order by m.CID , m.Cname , 分数段

--纵向显示2(显示存在的分数段,不存在的分数段用0显示)

select m.CID 课程编号 , m.Cname 课程名称 , 分数段 = (

case when n.score >= 85 then '85-100'

when n.score >= 70 and n.score < 85 then '70-85'

when n.score >= 60 and n.score < 70 then '60-70'

else '0-60'

end) ,

count(1) 数量 ,

cast(count(1) * 100.0 / (select count(1) from sc where CID = m.CID) as decimal(18,2)) 百分比

from Course m , sc n

where m.CID = n.CID

group by all m.CID , m.Cname , (

case when n.score >= 85 then '85-100'

when n.score >= 70 and n.score < 85 then '70-85'

when n.score >= 60 and n.score < 70 then '60-70'

else '0-60'

end)

order by m.CID , m.Cname , 分数段

--24、查询学生平均成绩及其名次--24.1 查询学生的平均成绩并进行排名,sql 2000用子查询完成,分平均成绩重复时保留名次空缺和不保留名次空缺两种。

select t1.* , px = (select count(1) from

(

select m.SID 学生编号 ,

m.Sname 学生姓名 ,

isnull(cast(avg(score) as decimal(18,2)),0) 平均成绩

from Student m left join SC n on m.SID = n.SID

group by m.SID , m.Sname

) t2 where 平均成绩 > t1.平均成绩) + 1 from

(

select m.SID 学生编号 ,

m.Sname 学生姓名 ,

isnull(cast(avg(score) as decimal(18,2)),0) 平均成绩

from Student m left join SC n on m.SID = n.SID

group by m.SID , m.Sname

) t1

order by px

select t1.* , px = (select count(distinct 平均成绩) from

(

select m.SID 学生编号 ,

m.Sname 学生姓名 ,

isnull(cast(avg(score) as decimal(18,2)),0) 平均成绩

from Student m left join SC n on m.SID = n.SID

group by m.SID , m.Sname

) t2 where 平均成绩 >= t1.平均成绩) from

(

select m.SID 学生编号 ,

m.Sname 学生姓名 ,

isnull(cast(avg(score) as decimal(18,2)),0) 平均成绩

from Student m left join SC n on m.SID = n.SID

group by m.SID , m.Sname

) t1

order by px

--24.2 查询学生的平均成绩并进行排名,sql 2005用rank,DENSE_RANK完成,分平均成绩重复时保留名次空缺和不保留名次空缺两种。

select t.* , px = rank() over(order by 平均成绩 desc) from

(

select m.SID 学生编号 ,

m.Sname 学生姓名 ,

isnull(cast(avg(score) as decimal(18,2)),0) 平均成绩

from Student m left join SC n on m.SID = n.SID
group by m.SID , m.Sname
) t
order by px
select t.* , px = DENSE_RANK() over(order by 平均成绩 desc) from
(
select m.SID 学生编号 ,
m.Sname 学生姓名 ,
isnull(cast(avg(score) as decimal(18,2)),0) 平均成绩
from Student m left join SC n on m.SID = n.SID
group by m.SID , m.Sname
) t
order by px

--25、查询各科成绩前三名的记录--25.1 分数重复时保留名次空缺
select m.* , n.CID , n.score from Student m, SC n where m.SID = n.SID and n.score in
(select top 3 score from sc where CID = n.CID order by score desc) order by n.CID , n.score desc

--25.2 分数重复时不保留名次空缺,合并名次

--sql 2000用子查询实现
select * from (select t.* , px = (select count(distinct score) from SC where CID = t.CID and score >= t.score) from sc t) m where px between 1 and 3 order by m.Cid , m.px

--sql 2005用DENSE_RANK实现
select * from (select t.* , px = DENSE_RANK() over(partition by Cid order by score desc) from sc t) m where px between 1 and 3 order by m.CID , m.px

--26、查询每门课程被选修的学生数
select Cid , count(SID) 学生数 from sc group by CID

--27、查询出只有两门课程的全部学生的学号和姓名
select Student.SID , Student.Sname
from Student , SC
where Student.SID = SC.SID
group by Student.SID , Student.Sname
having count(SC.CID) = 2
order by Student.SID

--28、查询男生、女生人数
select count(Ssex) as 男生人数 from Student where Ssex = N'男'
select count(Ssex) as 女生人数 from Student where Ssex = N'女'
select sum(case when Ssex = N'男' then 1 else 0 end) 男生人数 ,sum(case when Ssex = N'女' then 1 else 0 end) 女生人数 from student
select case when Ssex = N'男' then N'男生人数' else N'女生人数' end 男女情况 , count(1) 人数 from student group by case when Ssex = N'男' then N'男生人数' else N'女生人数' end

--29、查询名字中含有"风"字的学生信息
select * from student where sname like N'%风%'
select * from student where charindex(N'风' , sname) > 0

--30、查询同名同性学生名单,并统计同名人数
select Sname 学生姓名 , count() 人数 from Student group by Sname having count() > 1

--31、查询1990年出生的学生名单(注:Student表中Sage列的类型是datetime)
select * from Student where year(sage) = 1990
select * from Student where datediff(yy,sage,'1990-01-01') = 0
select * from Student where datepart(yy,sage) = 1990
select * from Student where convert(varchar(4),sage,120) = '1990'

--32、查询每门课程的平均成绩,结果按平均成绩降序排列,平均成绩相同时,按课程编号升序排列
select m.CID , m.Cname , cast(avg(n.score) as decimal(18,2)) avg_score
from Course m, SC n
where m.CID = n.CID
group by m.CID , m.Cname
order by avg_score desc, m.CID asc

--33、查询平均成绩大于等于85的所有学生的学号、姓名和平均成绩
select a.SID , a.Sname , cast(avg(b.score) as decimal(18,2)) avg_score
from Student a , sc b
where a.SID = b.SID
group by a.SID , a.Sname
having cast(avg(b.score) as decimal(18,2)) >= 85
order by a.SID

--34、查询课程名称为"数学",且分数低于60的学生姓名和分数
select sname , score
from Student , SC , Course
where SC.SID = Student.SID and SC.CID = Course.CID and Course.Cname = N'数学' and score < 60

--35、查询所有学生的课程及分数情况
select Student.* , Course.Cname , SC.CID , SC.score
from Student, SC , Course
where Student.SID = SC.SID and SC.CID = Course.CID
order by Student.SID , SC.CID

--36、查询任何一门课程成绩在70分以上的姓名、课程名称和分数
select Student.* , Course.Cname , SC.CID , SC.score
from Student, SC , Course
where Student.SID = SC.SID and SC.CID = Course.CID and SC.score >= 70
order by Student.SID , SC.CID

--37、查询不及格的课程
select Student.* , Course.Cname , SC.CID , SC.score
from Student, SC , Course
where Student.SID = SC.SID and SC.CID = Course.CID and SC.score < 60
order by Student.SID , SC.CID

--38、查询课程编号为01且课程成绩在80分以上的学生的学号和姓名
select Student.* , Course.Cname , SC.CID , SC.score
from Student, SC , Course
where Student.SID = SC.SID and SC.CID = Course.CID and SC.CID = '01' and SC.score >= 80
order by Student.SID , SC.CID

--39、求每门课程的学生人数
select Course.CID , Course.Cname , count(*) 学生人数
from Course , SC
where Course.CID = SC.CID
group by Course.CID , Course.Cname
order by Course.CID , Course.Cname

--40、查询选修"张三"老师所授课程的学生中,成绩最高的学生信息及其成绩--40.1 当最高分只有一个时
select top 1 Student.* , Course.Cname , SC.CID , SC.score
from Student, SC , Course , Teacher
where Student.SID = SC.SID and SC.CID = Course.CID and Course.TID = Teacher.TID and Teacher.Tname = N'张三'
order by SC.score desc

--40.2 当最高分出现多个时
select Student.* , Course.Cname , SC.CID , SC.score
from Student, SC , Course , Teacher
where Student.SID = SC.SID and SC.CID = Course.CID and Course.TID = Teacher.TID and Teacher.Tname = N'张三' and
SC.score = (select max(SC.score) from SC , Course , Teacher where SC.CID = Course.CID and Course.TID = Teacher.TID and Teacher.Tname = N'张三')

--41、查询不同课程成绩相同的学生的学生编号、课程编号、学生成绩
--方法1
select m.* from SC m ,(select CID , score from SC group by CID , score having count(1) > 1) n
where m.CID= n.CID and m.score = n.score order by m.CID , m.score , m.SID

--方法2
select m.* from SC m where exists (select 1 from (select CID , score from SC group by CID , score having count(1) > 1) n
where m.CID= n.CID and m.score = n.score) order by m.CID , m.score , m.SID

--42、查询每门功成绩最好的前两名
select t.* from sc t where score in (select top 2 score from sc where CID = T.CID order by score desc) order by t.CID , t.score desc

--43、统计每门课程的学生选修人数(超过5人的课程才统计)。要求输出课程号和选修人数,查询结果按人数降序排列,若人数相同,按课程号升序排列
select Course.CID , Course.Cname , count() 学生人数
from Course , SC
where Course.CID = SC.CID
group by Course.CID , Course.Cname
having count(
) >= 5
order by 学生人数 desc , Course.CID

--44、检索至少选修两门课程的学生学号
select student.SID , student.Sname
from student , SC
where student.SID = SC.SID
group by student.SID , student.Sname
having count(1) >= 2
order by student.SID

--45、查询选修了全部课程的学生信息
--方法1 根据数量来完成
select student.* from student where SID in
(select SID from sc group by SID having count(1) = (select count(1) from course))

--方法2 使用双重否定来完成
select t.* from student t where t.SID not in
(
select distinct m.SID from
(
select SID , CID from student , course
) m where not exists (select 1 from sc n where n.SID = m.SID and n.CID = m.CID)
)

--方法3 使用双重否定来完成
select t.* from student t where not exists(select 1 from
(
select distinct m.SID from
(
select SID , CID from student , course
) m where not exists (select 1 from sc n where n.SID = m.SID and n.CID = m.CID)
) k where k.SID = t.SID
)

--46、查询各学生的年龄--46.1 只按照年份来算
select * , datediff(yy , sage , getdate()) 年龄 from student

--46.2 按照出生日期来算,当前月日 < 出生年月的月日则,年龄减一
select * , case when right(convert(varchar(10),getdate(),120),5) < right(convert(varchar(10),sage,120),5) then datediff(yy , sage , getdate()) - 1 else datediff(yy , sage , getdate()) end 年龄 from student

--47、查询本周过生日的学生
select * from student where datediff(week,datename(yy,getdate()) + right(convert(varchar(10),sage,120),6),getdate()) = 0

--48、查询下周过生日的学生
select * from student where datediff(week,datename(yy,getdate()) + right(convert(varchar(10),sage,120),6),getdate()) = -1

--49、查询本月过生日的学生
select * from student where datediff(mm,datename(yy,getdate()) + right(convert(varchar(10),sage,120),6),getdate()) = 0

--50、查询下月过生日的学生
select * from student where datediff(mm,datename(yy,getdate()) + right(convert(varchar(10),sage,120),6),getdate()) = -1